Surrender yourself to complete relaxation in our signature Artesian Wellness Baths.

The treatment of disease by bathing in mineral springs

We all know that soaking in our Artesian pools leaves you feeling amazing - ever wondered why?

There is a growing bank of research evidence backing up the century old health claims associated with bathing in mineral waters.

Balneotherapy allows for the transdermal absorption of varied minerals such as sulphur and magnesium typically found in Artesian water. These minerals are said to nourish the organs of the body and in turn aid the body to fight illness and repair tissue damage.

It is of common belief that balneotherapy can help with many health conditions including arthritis, musculoskeletal pain, respiratory disorders and high blood pressure. Some studies that have supported these claims are summarised below.

Lower back pain: In a 2005 study from Research in Complementary and Natural Classical Medicine, scientists found that bathing in sulphurous mineral water helped to alleviate low back pain. Sixty patients with lower back pain were divided into two equal groups, one group under took a program involving a regular bathing regime in mineral water while the other group undertook the same bathing regime but in tap water based hydrotherapy baths. The 30 patients in the balneotherapy group showed significantly greater improvements in measures for muscle spasms, tenderness and flexibility than the tap water based hydrotherapy group.

Fibromyalgia: A small study published in Rheumatology International in 2002, showed that balneotherapy helped to treat symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia. 42 fibromyalgia patients were assigned to either a control group or three weeks of 20-minute mineral bathing sessions (administered once a day, five times a week). The results showed that the group undertaking the balneotherapy regime showed significant improvements in Fibromyalgia symptoms and in depression (which is commonly associated with fibromyalgia).

While continuing research into the measureable health benefits of bathing in mineral waters needs to be conducted, it is becoming more evident that there is truth behind the many health claims associated with Artesian water.

The private Artesian baths are run with pure Artesian water and have no added chlorine or other chemicals.


Purchase your Artesian Bathing Pass online now!

What makes the water so special?

The Artesian water that flows from the ground into the hot pools around Moree last saw the light of day 1,000,000 years ago as rain in south-eastern Queensland. Ever since then the water has been flowing through the porous Artesian rock basin being clarified and filtered. As it travels it also picks numerous minerals and salts until it surfaces again as a virtual multivitamin in liquid form.

Great Artesian Basin MapThe Great Artesian Basin (GAB) is one of the largest and deepest underground freshwater resources in the world. It lies below 22 percent of Australia, extending into Queensland, South Australia, NSW and Northern Territory. Nearly 25 per cent of NSW is covered by the GAB.

The Basin is a highly valued water resource which provides diverse benefits and opportunities. Basin springs have enabled Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to occupy dry inland areas of Australia for more than 40,000 years, and communities maintain cultural, social and spiritual connections with Basin springs and their associated ecological communities and landscapes.

The first bore sunk into the Great Artesian Basin was on Kallara Station about 180 kilometres west-southwest of Bourke in 1878 where water was struck at 44 metres.

Old Artesian Bore

The Moree bore was sunk in 1895 by Canadians, Crawford and McCray using the Canadian pole system of drilling which involved 40 foot Oregon poles being screwed together to turn the drilling head. After they had drilled a few feet the poles were brought up and unscrewed one at a time so the sand pump could be lowered in, on the end of the Oregon poles which all needed to be screwed together again. Then the process was repeated all over again.

The Moree bore starting flowing on the 9th November 1895; the original bore was located on the same spot the Moree Hot Artesian Pool operates from to this day. 607,247 gallons (2,700,000 litres) a day gushed from a depth of 2793 feet (951m) flooding the nearby stores, including the newly constructed Victoria Hotel which still stands across from pool.


Mineral Water Analysis

Aluminium 0.01 mg/L
Barium 0.023 mg/L
Boron 0.12 mg/L
Bromine 0.02 mg/L
Gallium 0.004 mg/L
Iron 0.06 mg/L
Lithium 0.010 mg/L
Manganese 0.007 mg/L
Molybdenum 0.003 mg/L
Rubidium 0.003 mg/L
Strontium 0.051 mg/L
Tungsten 0.006 mg/L
Zinc 0.008 mg/L
Non Metals
Ammonia as N 0.53 mg/L
Chloride 57 mg/L
Nitrite + Nitrate as N 5.05 mg/L
Reactive Phosphorus as P 0.03 mg/L
Silica 21.6 mg/L
^Dissolved Major Cations
Calcium 1 mg/L
Sodium 269 mg/L
Potassium 2 mg/L
pH Value 8.53 pH Unit
Electrical Conductivity @ 25oC 1050 μS/cm
Total Dissolved Solids
Total Dissolved Solids @ 180oC 634 mg/L
Colour (True)
pH Colour 8.52 pH Unit
Turbidity 0.2 NTU
Bicarbonate Alkalinity as CaCO3 433 mg/L
Carbonate Alkalinity as CaCO3 33 mg/L
Total Alkalinity as CaCO3 466 mg/L
Total Hardness
Total Hardness a CaCO3 2 mg/L
Ionic Balance
^^Total Anions 10.9 meq/L
^Total Cations 11.8 meq/L
Ionic Balance 3.82 %


mg/L – milligrams per litre
NTU – Nephelometric Turbidity Unitμ
S/cm – micro Siemens per cm
meq/L 0 milli-equivalents per litre
^cations are atoms that have lost electrons to becomepositively charged
^^anions are atoms that have gained electrons tobecome negatively charged
Original Bore drilled
1895 Depth 951 metres
New Bore drilled
April 1999 Depth 868 metres
Bore head water temperature
44 – 45 degrees Celsius

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